The Handy Handbook for Travelling to the United States: Historical Places Edition

Travelling to the United States is one of the more viable options when you want to find a good place to wet your soles on. The USA is a great country ripe with things to discover and people to meet, after all, so it would not do you wrong if you want to give the country a visit.

For today’s article, we want to discuss something that will make history nerds get their brains excited. We want to talk about the best historical places that you must visit if you are a historical nerd and you are planning to travel to the States. Without further ado, here are those spots:

Mount Rushmore, of course

We want to start with one of the most obvious places to visit if you are trying to learn history in the US. Mount Rushmore is basically a mountain with four stone faces on its side. The four stone faces are owned not by your typical stone heads, of course. Carved to the side of the mountain are the faces of the four undeniable important people for the States: Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Theodore Roosevelt.

Located in the rural part of South Dakota, you cannot learn a lot from this place aside from how important those four people are, but there is no fee if you want to give the place a look. You can also join in programs made by the local rangers, which are all free.  

The Handy Handbook for Travelling to the United States: Mount Rushmore

Gettysburg, which is located in Pennsylvania

The battle of Gettysburg is one of the most ‘popular’ battles in American Civil War history. This is basically the place the Union Army turned the table on the Confederate Army, so it should tell you why a lot of modern Americans are very sentimental about this place. The battlefield is pretty much free to explore, though you would not learn a lot from it unless you decide to go on a tour which will cost you somewhere around US$35.

New Orleans of Louisiana

This city basically got a lot of history behind it that we decide to recommend the WHOLE city as a place that you can visit. That is right, folks. No specific museum and no specific road. The whole city is brimming with a history that is waiting to be cracked open by the curious ones. It got a trace of the French in it, a sprinkle of Spanish, and a lot of American, so the city covers a lot of cultures.

For some reason, you can find a lot of haunted tours here. If that is your thing, you will definitely love this city.

Lastly, you should give Mackinaw City a visit

Located in Michigan, Mackinaw City is a place ripe with wonders all around. Historical sites are abundant here, so if you are trying to find out more about the history of America, this is the definite place to go. All of the places are also cheap to visit, too, with many of them costing you about US$12 each.

The United States is not just about Washington and New York, no. It is a country that is teeming with wonderful places to visit, and most of them will definitely be able to teach you a lesson or two about American history. We hope that this article can help you when you are travelling to the United States, dear travellers.

Barhopping on Seminyak Bars 101

When the night turn dark and beaches slowly become quieter, Seminyak begin to buzz with its glamorous nightlife. Neon lamps are turned on, chairs laid out, and bartenders starts pouring drinks and stirring cocktails. Here in the tropical Bali, the warm summer night might leads you into the most unexpected party-venture you’d ever have. If you’d like to taste a little of every party in every Seminyak corner, why not plan a night of serious Seminyak Bars hopping to explore the vacation spots and infuse doses of fun to keep your group giggling in tandem? After all, it’s such a waste to stay glued in one location all night long when the city has so much to offer—especially when you are on a short trip. 

Here, we have covered everything you need to prepare before hitting Seminyak roads. Make sure your gangs are coming prepared too, because nobody want to have the fun night to be terminated  early because somebody forgot bringing cash or wearing uncomfortable shoes. 

Barhopping on Seminyak Bars 101

Google All Seminyak Bars You’re Interested to  

This is important. Have a serious lists of all Seminyak bars you want to hop on (we recommend no more than 5 bars—maybe 6 at most!). Because when it’s come to the third bar, everybody would have been too tipsy to decide where they should go next. Google every potential bars, read the reviews, and decide.

Minimise Taxi Use

The roads in Seminyak are quite narrow and can get easily congested—especially during the rush hours. The Petingenget, where you might want to start your bar hopping, can get heavily crowded from 5 to 9 pm—where everybody is heading to the bars—only to get jammed again at 2 am. Seriously, you’d waste huge amount of time if you try to take cab from every bar to another. Try to limit your night to just one or two walkable area. Maybe hit the first three bars in Cemplung Tanduk area, hail a cab to Petingenget, and continue the next three bars hopping there.

Everybody Should Bring Enough Cash 

Don’t just assume you would find ATM wherever you go. Bring enough cash to last a night. You gonna need cash for drinks, taxis, and even quick mid-party street snacks. Everybody in the group should bring cash to cover their own expenses—it’s not fair to rely on one or two friends with credit cards to pay the bills. 

Wear Comfy Shoes

Oh, yes. The key of crazy, Seminyak bars hopping night rely on your shoes! You won’t be able to dance all night in hurting heels. Save the stilettos for a more stationary nights and hit that fancy flip flops! In Bali, literally nobody care if you show up in a bar with just sandals—the atmosphere is very laid back here.   

Eat Something Light Before 

Gulping on beers and vodka on empty stomach is a recipe for disaster. Don’t make a rookie mistake. Be pro and have a light dinner—you don’t want to be too full—and give your stomach a solid base before going crazy on drinks.

Things You Don’t Actually Need To Do When Traveling

People keep on talking about things to do and don’t for travellers as the tips in promises to make their travel to be better. That’s what I am actually doing for now. But have ever been thinking that sometimes, what they have been talking to you are mostly nonsense. Many things are not really your things to do.

I do realised that there will be time where there are beneficial posts you have found on internet saying to you how to keep healthy and safe while travelling, but it doesn’t mean that you will do them all without any doubt. Your may have different condition so that you can’t do everything you have heard and read before.

Take a short look at “how to skip the long lines” tips when you are exploring Europe as an example. Have you imagine how big the Europe is and how many countries are there? That tips will kindly won’t be applied on all of Europe and you must be have known that.

Usual things you don't actually need to do when traveling

Therefore, I will add some extra things that I think that you don’t really need them no matter what. But keep in mind that what I am going to show you is not always a true. So, feel free to adjust yourself with the places, countries and destinations you are at.

1. You don’t need the photographs that much, i am telling you

Millennials. I am not saying that I hate them, that will be a wrong thing to have as human. But frankly, we are all hearing the shutter speed and seeing flashlight from their cameras almost all the times at almost anywhere.

Seems to be the destinations must be captured and upload the best images on Instagram. I do really hate that thing since I can be disturbed by that.

Spending time at destination that mostly by taking pictures is not a sin, but you should have been realised that many other people there being there not for that. They simply want to breath a fresh air in peace while seeing the best landscape before their eyes. And all the passed challenges to be there should never be added by what you are doing.

Just get some pictures and be silent!

2. Unforgettable traveling should not always the luxury one

I need to admit something which is I am usually laughing when I am in a travel sites that are offering the travel packages, accommodations, etc. It is because what they have been described about what they are doing.

They do really good in making the poetic site description. The words can be so amazing and well described that make me thinking the sentences must be hypnotised those with a weak in their “faith.”

They keep on telling us that we need a luxury travel when in reality, they need your money to buy from them. Sorry for saying that, but that was I get while thinking about all of those.

You don’t really need a luxury travel since many of us have different things to experience. Even if only you could get a cup of coffee at the beach while watching the sun settings on the west, that can be a high luxury for some people. We don’t really need a cruise for that.

But it all will be your decision. If you think that you will need such Seminyak villas with private pool in Bali, you are good to go. But if you are requiring to experience the truly living with the local people, I can’t say anything about that.

3. Traveling will be better when you are paying more? You are dreaming!

People said; best quality (in many things) comes with a price. That’s will truly be a greedy quote ever for many things in life and surely can’t be described the whole traveling stories.

You would never know how great it is to get a hammock camping idea which it will only cost you under US$100 and you can uses it almost forever in life. It can even many times cheaper with an accommodation you have reserved before where you can only sleep in there for some hours.

Quality doesn’t always offered by those who are truly know how meaningful the luxury is. It is not that I have intention to tell you that being at the resort for some days is worthless, but you should also be remembered that even a single simple thing in this world can make you enjoy and happy.

What Is Backlink and How It Is Important For SEO?

Investing time and budget to build backlinks in term of site optimisation is important for any type of sites.

Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) is a series of steps to make a better and quality website. Its practices will later get your site to have more traffic since your site will be on first page of Google.

When users are searching for information through search engine, many of them may are showing your site to be on number 1 of Google for the keywords they have typed. Your site will get higher chance to be visited when you can dominate search engines.

It doesn’t matter if you are a blogger or the one who has an online shop. You can always starts the SEO campaign any time you want. Sadly, many of you may not knowing what it is and how to getting started.

To optimise the site, there will be 2 common techniques you will need to know. The first one is the on-page optimisation where you need to make a better UI and UX site design, prepare the contents and all of the pages in a site and the next one is off-page optimisation.

And we’ll talk about the off-page optimisation where the backlinks are.

What is backlink and how effective it is for SEO?

For short, backlink is the link from another site that can be redirect to your site when people is clicked on it. There are two common types of link on internet you usually see. The first is the naked link where the url is shown as it is and the link with anchor text where certain words will be included with an url so people are able to click on it.

Backlink for SEO and its importance

Now, what if your site will get those types of links from the other sites, will they good for your site?

If that will be happen naturally, that should be a good sign for your site. But, no matter how natural the backlinks you have got are, they will need to be analysed. It is because you may will get a backlink from the forbidden site where it could harms your site as well.

Imagine if you are running an online shop–selling the shoes online through website and your site will get a backlink from a site that is actually violates the Google rules. That will be a toxic-link you should never had.

So that, many site owners or online businessmen are also building their backlinks and the whole site optimisation by using the SEO service just like a Bali SEO agency or collaborating with bloggers to help them build quality backlinks for their business sites.

It is more as an effective way not to start the search engine optimisation by yourself since it will really takes time. Moreover, one of the best backlinks you can get are those who are from the relevant articles or contents with with your targeted url.

It is better if your site page which is selling the baby shoes is getting a backlink from an article that is talking about the same topic than a hundred backlink from Facebook that you shared the page only by your own.

Not to mention that the site’s Domain Authority of the referred domain is also takes an important role in how the targeted URL will be ranked on Google. The higher the Domain Authority the better and when you will combining it with the relevant contents, then your site will be better.

Now, what if you get a backlink from relevant article and there will be many readers of that. There will be higher chance that your link will also be clicked and your site will be visited where they can be your customers. And as long as the article is active, you will still generating traffics of it.

Anyway, what if that kind of contents that are talking about your business will be at least spreading in hundred of blogs? Don’t you think that your site will be even better than before?

There are actually many important advantages where your site can get more benefits from the quality backlinks you are possible to get. Therefore, it will be a good investment for your site’s future.

Tips for Healthy and Safe Travel

Either traveling solo or with group, your priorities should be your health and safety. Every plan you make should include those factors into consideration such as when you choose destination, book accommodation, and transportation.

When you travel healthily and safely, the more memorable your travel is because you will truly enjoy it. Getting sick during a trip is common. However, you can prevent it from happen if you know how to make a healthy and safe travel.

Travel ailments you may experience

Drinking more water while you are traveling to stay healthy

Traveling is fun and all. However, sometimes your body is not ready to face different environment and situation. Thus, it can cause your health in jeopardy. There are various ailments you may suffer during your travel. Here are some examples:

  • The most common ailment is motion sickness. It is unpleasant problem that can give you inconvenience throughout your trip. You can prevent from motion sickness by taking medicine prior to your departure. Or, you can also try several tips to fight against it such as sitting in the front seat, avoid reading, siting near the wing of the plane, etc. choose the one that works for you.
  • Another common ailment is dehydration which can lead to other health problems such as headache, cramps, etc. it is easy to get dehydrated during travel. Thus, it is important to drink plenty of water throughout your trip. However, avoid caffeinated drinks and alcohol because those can make you dehydrated more.
  • Diarrhea is also common during travel. It can be caused by foods or drinks. Therefore, it is better to avoid uncooked meat, raw vegetables, unpasteurized milk, and tap water. Aside from diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome is also common during travel. You may take over-the counter medication. To prevent this, stay away from stress, caffeinated drinks, as well as high-fat foods.

Stay safe during travel

Usig public transportation to stay safe in travel

Aside from keeping yourself healthy, you also need to make sure that you are safe throughout your trip. Your persona safety does matter especially during your travel. Here are some tips to stay safe during your trip:

  • Book any type of accommodation located in safe and friendly neighborhood so you will be safe. During your stay, make sure to not let your door or window open carelessly even when you are inside. Do not answer people who knock on your door before confirming who they are. Make sure to clarify the front desk before opening the door.
  • It is recommended to take public transportation. However, you can also rent a car to make sure that you are safe. If you choose to rent a car, it is better to hire personal driver as well who knows the locations and direction better. Ask for your hotel’s recommendation for car rental.
  • Make sure to keep a low profile and try to blend in with locals. Wear something simple that doesn’t scream ‘tourist’ to avoid being a target for criminal acts. And of course, do not let your guard down and follow you gut feeling if you are in uncomfortable area.

4 Bedroom Villa Seminyak With Pool Fence Near Seminyak Square

This may sounds weird to explain about the 4 bedroom villa at Seminyak–Bali that has the pool fence as well as nearby the Seminyak square. But, who knows that you will need this one day?!

Pool fence may not sound an interesting facility for many of the travelers, it is part of the building and can’t be used by the guests to whatever need. But, it is actually functional and even so much important than you think. It is define how private the villa is.

If you are thinking for renting the 4 bedroom villa at Seminyak when traveling with family or the other companions in Bali and requiring the private pool for that accommodation, how can it be private when public is possible watching you swimming around?

That’s what the fence is for.

4 bedroom villa at Seminyak with pool fence and near the Seminyak Square

It doesn’t matter how higher it is, as long as you are feeling comfort and not getting the distractions from outside of the villa, you are good to go.

So does the 4 bedrooms villa located at Seminyak’s that should be nearby the Seminyak square as you may have requested. You will need that when you want more of places to eat and the shopping arcade. The location itself is at the main district of the area so your stay will also get even more interesting.

But you don’t have to worry about many things. If you are traveling in a budget and need the cheap 4 bedroom villa at Seminyak, you can finds that special offer easily.

Distance of 4 bedroom villa at Seminyak with pool fence to the square

I’ll give you a truly simple study case for this. Assuming that you are staying in this 4 bedroom villa Seminyak managed by Hu’u Villas. The villas themselves are actually have their own special restaurant. But as I have said, you may want to experience the other with the different menus, you can go to the Seminyak square.

But, assuming that you want to go to the square by foot as your main thing to do and won’t use any of transportation so you can also enjoy Bali differently, then how close it is to the your villa?

A simple way will be applied. If you are using Google Maps for that, you will only need to spend around 10 minutes walking distance at the time I am checking it and writing this.

But you can actually reaches the square faster since the Google Maps itself is considering the real time “traffic” for pedestrian. It won’t be that long but I am sure that will only be the higher time estimation.

The maps itself is showing that there are 2 main ways to it where the first recommendation will be around 850 meters and the next one is around 1 km. That distance can even be reached in only 7 or 8 minutes walking distance.

One interesting fact about this Seminyak square is it has its own hotel reservation called as the Seminyak Square Hotel. That can even be more closer to the downtown. But sadly, staying there will also get you further from the beach. So that, you’d better reserve the 4 bedroom villa at Seminyak especially in a tight budget family trip.

When Should You Avoid Booking Red Eye Flight


Many travelers find red eye flight to be advantageous for their travel plan. It is convenient because you will experience more peaceful situation started from the airport.

Avoid booking red eye flight

Or, it is already started when you leave your home because you won’t get stuck in rush hour traffic.

You don’t have to deal with the crowds and the flight is also more serene. You can take your time enjoying peaceful flight with less grumpy passengers.

You can also make the most of your daytime schedule because you will get your chance to rest and sleep during your flight. The flights are also likely to be more on time which brings more conveniences for your schedule.

When is red eye flight not for you?

Red eye flight offer many benefits for passengers. You will be able to make the most of your trip with this efficient flight. However, there is also times when red eye flight is not for you or your travel plan.

This is because red eye flight is not obligation for travelers anyway. This is a choice you can make for your own benefits.

If it doesn’t fit you or your travel plan, then there is no need for you to take red eye flight. Here are travel situation in which you don’t have to book red eye flight:

  • When your body is too exhausted to stay awake in the middle of the night to catch red eye flight, it is more recommended to take regular flight instead. When you are too tired to even grab taxi and go to airport, it will become more tiring for your body to face the next day when you arrive at your destination.
  • If you are not in a rush of your traveling, why not taking your time and enjoy regular flight so that you can choose the schedule for the flight freely. Thus, you can also get the best sleep before your departure so that your body won’t be too drained. Some travelers choose red eye flight because they have limited time to spend on their traveling schedule. Thus, they try to squeeze the time as efficient as possible by booking red eye flight and rest on the airplane before directly start the day of the journey once they arrive. Thus, you don’t have to do it if you are more convenience and flexible about our travel plan.
  • If you are not the type of person who can sleep everywhere, red eye flight is not ideal for you because then you will have difficulties to rest and sleep. The point of taking red eye flight is to be able to sleep during the flight so that you can be more prepared to start your journey. When you are unable to sleep well, your body will be too exhausted. You will be in need of nap throughout your trip in your destination. It will also make you more difficult to adjust with time differences. Thus, day-time routes will be more comfortable to book.

If in case you are trapped with the red eye flight no matter how hard you are avoiding it, make sure that you are also ready with your cabin bag packing for the long airplane flight.

Get Custom Hammocks As Low As $68

One of the secret to experience the better and unique sleep is to hang the right way using hammock. Now, if you are looking for the custom hammocks with your own chosen colors, then you are in the right post since I will informing you that with the price as little as $68.

The price is actually $68,04 with the size of 320×200 cm. The smaller the size, the cheaper you will get.

Get cheaper custom hammocks with color's combination as you choose

When I said that it can be your better different bed, it is not only to experience the random new thing in your life. But many people have suggesting to get a hammock to falling asleep faster and also will give you the different view of the room, the outdoor or wherever you are.

By only spending that amount of price, you will then get a hammock that is customizable especially the one that allowing you to pick your own color combination.

So with the accessories you will need. You can get them all related to your need. This is not a one package hammock where the manufacturer has been determined which parts of the hammock that should be sold to the customers as one package. But you are fully to choose which colors and also the accessories and the supported gears with your own hammock.

These custom hammocks made by Ticket To The Moon that all of them are made of the high grade parachute nylon. Using that material has also been the great way to make products that are environmentally friendly.

So, instead of getting sleep while hanging on the air, I think it can be also considered that you are contributing to the better future environment as well. What a great thing to have!

You may also have noticed that hammocks, no matter what types are there, are on the rise in popularity for the past recent years. At least, for the last recent 10 and 15 years, many people are still falling in love with them.

And today, you are free now to choose your own hammock’s colors as well as the other gears since they have been sold separately.

These customizable hammocks are not only for the campers or travelers. Many of us can have and using it as we need. Even, they can be a good memorable gift to your partners or the employee and staff if you are wondering what to give your best friends or partners in their birthday.

All of these hammocks may the first one you have found since I myself can’t even get the other hammocks based on my favorite colors in the other manufacturers or shops. There are not many sellers that are selling the custom hammocks by adding this simple feature which is we can have our own chosen colors by only paying more than $50.

Even if this can’t be the perfect one since there’s no such thing in this world but God, I then try to write this post and displayed it in front of you now. It is because all of the hammocks are really share-able and recommend-able as I thought.

Visit the above site to see the complete hammock’s specifications, warranty, and other advantages you can get. Hope you like this article and if you do, please share this on your Facebook or Twitter. See you next time.

Most Recommended Places to Visit for Cheese Lovers

Food travelling is always fun to do especially when you have your own preference of what kind of foods you enjoy the most. It will make your search of your next travel destination easier.

If you are cheese lovers, there are travel destinations where you can enjoy the foods rich with cheese while enjoying your trip.

Best places to visit for cheese lovers

Of course, finding a place that is worth travelling for is a must.

When it comes to cheese, it may sound easy to find destinations where there are foods made from cheese.

If you think Italy is the only destination to enjoy cheese because of pizza, then you are wrong. There are other places where you can enjoy cheese in various dishes. 

Best places full of cheese worth travelling for

Cheese is one of the most drool worthy ingredients when it comes to food. It is like a crime to dislike cheese. However, obsessed over cheese that you have the urge to food travelling to places which has the best cheese is on another level.

If you are already on this level, here are most recommended places you can go to as your travel destination in a quest of hunting the best cheesy foods to devour:

  • Georgia – This is where you can find Khachapuri Adjaruli, a crunchy, fluffy pizza crust-like dough. It is then shaped into a boat then filled with melted cheese, butter, and raw egg. Even though the ingredients are quite simple that you can even try making it at home, it is different when you devour it in Georgia since it is one of the best Georgia’s cuisine. Don’t even ask how it taste like when the cheese melts in your tongue.
  • Switzerland – This is a great place for general tourism agenda. However, you also will enjoy the most of your time when you can find Raclette. This dish is made from Valaisan cheese. The way to make it is quite unique. A wheel of which is cooked and the melted cheese is scraped out on to your plate directly. You can enjoy a plateful of melted cheese without anything. However, you can also add gherkins, potatoes, or pickled onions if you’d like.
  • Greece – This is also one of the most visited travel destinations in general. However, it can satisfy your obsession over cheese as well. This is where you can enjoy traditional Greek appetizer, Cheese Saganaki. It is made from a hunk of cheese fried at the outside of the edge so it results in crispy texture. However, the inside will stay gooey.
  • France – This is where you can find Aligot, mashed potatoes blended in cheese. When you take a spoonful of Aligot, you will taste the richness of cheese enough to make your tongue melt. Long strings of cheese will cling to your fork diligently. Thus, you can enjoy the buttery mashed potatoes with gooey cheese in this dish. You can devour this dish alone without additional side dishes. This dish is enjoyed by local and international tourists in general.

3 Tips to Find Your Best Bali Web Design Agency You’ve Never Heard Before

Digital agency is increasingly high in Bali. The more businesses, the more people want to make their business are getting presented online in a better and creative ways using website. So that, the needs of the better web design agency or the freelancers are also highly demanded.

If you are the professional businessman in Bali that are requiring the high quality web design for your online business, then it is recommended that you are looking for the website design and development agency.

You may have known and realised that as well to get the quality and professional website, finding and hiring an agency is mostly being part of many professional workers and offices will be done.

There are many of online freelancers you can get in touch too. But, it is always better to get an agency that you can visit and talk all about the structures of your site, how it will appeared before your customers, the functionality of all design elements, SEO, UX and UI and all aspects that are correlating each others.

Tips to find your website design agency in Bali

If you are looking for the website design agency located in Bali by using Google, then there will be some of the results you will find, including the showing advertisements that are offering what you need.

Each offers are presenting various services with different prices for sure. Times to get the client’s projects done are also vary since each sites will have their own different level of difficulty, too.

3 tips to find best Bali web design and development agency you've never heard before

And, since web design and web development are the two different things but interrelated one another, then you’d better think about an agency that can serves you both because you will have to need them.

1. Get an agency that is offering the web design and web development services in Bali

As I have written on above that these both things are interrelated one another. If you are only focusing on how to get your web designed, then who can build and develop that site to make it online and works as you have wished?

To design a website is also mean to develops it furthermore to get all the benefits for your online present.

I won’t say that designing is the simple thing that many people can do, but we should also realise that developing website is pretty much difficult since it will involves the knowledge and experiences in using the website programming languages.

So that, you have to ensure that an agency for your Bali web design is also mastering the advance website development things.

2. Make sure the Bali web design agency has been built multiple sites in various languages in its project portfolios

Many businessmen may won’t think about this second tips. For me, it is making sense to see various type of web design especially the clients in Bali themselves are vary.

We have been known for so long that Bali fulfilled by the business people that came from the other cities and regions in Indonesia, as well as from the other countries in the world.

Those businessmen have been served their customers in different languages according to their country targeted. It is a common thing when you are visiting site in French language, English, Japan, China, Korea, etc where all of that websites are offering products and services (especially tourism) that base in Bali.

Seeing or asking for the project’s portfolios of your Bali web design agency is really matter. Not only you can see the previous project inspirations, but you may will also makes sure that the agency is not using the same design for different projects and also to evaluates the agency’s style and concept for the website design.

3. Warranty for features and design elements function for any errors caused by the system failure

There is not a single perfect system in the world that has been built by human. System failure is happening sometimes and not all of failures can be automatically repaired.

So with the web design and development that there are many factors that can be caused the failure both internally or externally of your site.

You have to ask about those kind of warranty before an agency starting to work with your site. It is possible that the system failure will be happened when the work of the site is done. If you can’t really give effort for the maintenance and repairing the errors, then you may ask the Bali web design agency you are hiring to make sure that the team can helps you with that.

There still actually some more tips that you can use to find your best Bali web design and development agency. But, to be honest, you may have never read about the above tips, right? Yet, I am sure that they are beneficial and can help you to get what your business is actually need.